The origins of the town Osuna in Seville stretch back to the year 1000 BC, as can be seen by the great number of remains from each historical period. Osuna got its name from the Turdetans, an Iberian tribute which called it Urso; several objects remain from this period. For example the ‘Bull of Osuna’ and the ‘Relief’s of Osuna’ (these latter showing a Roman Influence).
Ayuntamiento de Osuna
Plaza Mayor, 1 41640 Osuna (Seville)
|Health Clinic||Bars, shops, restaurants||Schools||Municipal pool||Beach
|Golf nearby||Malaga 120km Granada 160km Sevilla 91km||Bus and train
When Pompey made his last unsuccessful stand against Caesar in Osuna in Seville, the city fell into his rival’s hands, and Caesar gave it the status of a colony (Colonia Genetiva Iulia), the importance of which is suggested by the laws found in the ‘Osuna Bronzes’. We know very little about the Visigothic period, and the subsequent Moorish rule. All that remains of the period of the almohad rule are a few sections of the ramparts and a tower, the Torre del Agua. King Ferdinand III (the Saint) conquered the town in 1239. King Alfonso X granted in 1264 Osuna to the Order of Calatrava (or which it was a major encomienda or concession).
In 1460, while the Master of the Order was Pedro Giron, the town was traded from Fuenteovejuna and Belmez, as a result of which it became the seat of the Counts of Urena. In 1562 the 5th Count of Urena was made 1st Duke of Osuna, and from then on Osuna became the Andalucian capital of the domains of the Tellez Giron family, who were the founders of the Collegiate Church and the University in the 16th century.
The Giron family, with their many religious foundations, did much to make the urban landscape of Osuna in Seville what it is today, with its mixture of convents and churches, lordly palaces and manors, overlooked by the cliff on which stands the Collegiate Church, the University and the remains of the ducal palace.
- Feria de Mayo – This Fair that takes place in the middle of May begins with the traditional and spectacular event of turning on the illumination on the grand portal that gives entry to the fairground. On Friday, people go on horseback from the centre of the town to the fairground and during the day there are different equestrian shows. The “Fiesta Taurina” that takes place during these days is one of the most famous of Spain.
- 8th of September – Festivity of Ntra. Sra. de la Consolacion. This image of the sixteenth century was brought from England by Don Juan Tellez Giron, IV Count of Urena, to save it from the pillage of Henry VIII’s reform. There is a procession through the streets of the town every September and is the patroness of Osuna in Seville since 1624.
- 12th of January – San Arcadio Festivity. As a result of the investigations of Quintaduenas, resulted in the constitution of a Hermandad and Cofradia, which makes the Saint procession every year on January 12, the date on which he was supposed to have been martyred in Osuna.